By the mid-1970s, free jazz and free improvisation were written off as outmoded 'genres' that had promised visions of a new kind of society yet failed to communicate to an audience or develop an aesthetic. The truth, however, was more complicated and more hopeful. The challenges of creating music that dispenses with any hand of authority would now be adressed as issues central to a long term project, rather than an expression of unfettered spontaneity and the utopia of freedom.

Toop, David: "Frames of Freedom. Improvisation, otherness and the limits of sponteneity", in: Young, Rob (ed.): Undercurrents. The hidden wiring of modern music. London/NY (Continuum) 2002, p.248.

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